|From the Library of Congress Civil War Collection|
Synopsis: Our Quaker Browns have been ever present in America's struggle for independence. Now they find themselves in the middle of yet another battle and it is one that will find cousins and brothers pitted against each other in a civil war that will bring heartache to many. The Brown family has grown, the two original brothers William and James have seen their children move in different directions not only geographically but in their mindset as well. Some have settled in the north and the west, and others have made their homes in the south. A major bone of discontent is the continued dependence on slavery.
DENNIS AND HANNAH BROWN
1862: Suddenly the world they know is a different place. The distant whiff of gunpowder is in the air. In Indiana, Dennis and Hannah Brown, the children of Quaker forebears fear for their family’s future.
From Harper’s Weekly of the 1860’s
Two sides of the war – friends once, enemies now.
Original image held in the Library of Congress
- Jesse H. Jobe (as the name is sometimes spelled) for instance served as a private in Company E of the 9th Indiana Infantry Volunteers in the Civil War. His later pension details states he ‘suffered diarrhea contacted (sic) during war of 1861, now suffers from piles, rheumatism, heart problems, stomach problems, lung problems and a broken wrist for about 20 years’. He received a $4.00 month pension from 1867.
- Another Jobe history states all of the male members of the Jacob W. Jobe family served in the Union army during the Civil War.
- John Beeson enlisted in 1862 as a Private in G Company of Indiana’s 79th Infantry. Another Beeson’s historical mansion, Aspen Hall was used as a Civil War hospital where blood stains are still distinguishable on the wooden floors beneath the carpet in an upstairs suite.
- Both Stephen Janney and George Janney enlisted in the Civil War, Stephen went with General Sherman, George was sent down the Mississippi to New Orleans and on to Florida where he contracted yellow fever...from which one third of his company died.
- George Byrd Bailey (Bayley spelling at time of the Nottingham Lots) enlisted in the Union Army as a teenager and served with distinction.
- A Mercer Brown served as a Suttler in the Civil War, supplying weaponry to the forces.
- William Henry Empson fought with the 124th Ohio Volunteers.
- When Tennessee was caught in the middle of the Civil War emotions ran high, which side to support? Two young men, related to the Nottingham Lots Browns and Mercer’s, were John Stephen Churchman a Private in the Confederate 10th Regiment Cavalry, and Henry Jouette Churchman a Lieutenant Colonel in the Union Army.
- After the war was over with both brothers surviving, their father John Knight Churchman wouldn’t let son Henry return home because he fought against the south.
- Another Churchman family, that of John Wesley Churchman, saw one son and three grandsons march to war with the 4th Arkansas Union Cavalry; all except Joseph Churchman died in battle.
- Yet another Churchman descendent, this time Patrick M. revealed how he was hi-jacked into the Confederate Army. "I was sitting on my horse in New Orleans when a couple of men rode up from the river and told me to get off my horse. They said I was drafted and had to go into the Confederate Army. There was no questionnaires like they have now; there was no selection about it. If they saw you and wanted you, why, away you went without getting ready. As far as I know my horse is still standing where I got off him.... They put me in the 13th Louisiana Regiment with the ambulance corps and gave me a uniform.”
- Robert Dutton’s young descendents, Quaker sisters Lida and Lizzie Dutton* from the Virginia, and Confederate, town of Waterford were both faithful to the Union cause. With their cousin Sarah Steer the young women published a popular underground newspaper while at the same time hiding and caring for wounded Union soldiers.
|Morgans trail in red...|
His enlistment papers show he had been drafted into the army for 3 years.
|General William Tecumseh Sherman with his staff, photographed at Federal Fort No. 7, Atlanta |
Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, LC-B811-3626C
“Behind us lay Atlanta, smoldering and in ruins, the black smoke rising high in air and hanging like a pall over the ruined city...”
Civil War Harper’s Weekly December 1864.
Advert in Cincinnati Daily 1860
took place. He lies in the centre of the grave yard by
the side of his young wife. Was killed in the battles of Richmond. Not long after was the funeral of Mrs.
Buchanan. Aug 11th was the funeral of George Baylor
killed at the battle of Cedar Run in his 20th year,
so young, & such a universal favorite.
things to occupy the attention. It would be in vain
[added: to attempt] to enumerate the multitudes of events which have transpired since the last date. The 29th & 30th of Aug. the
second battle of Manassas took place. At this battle
Col. Wm. Baylor was killed, leaving a heartbroken
wife & mother & sister to mourn his loss, but they
have hope in his death. James Gabert was also killed
at this battle. His brother John was wounded before
but died after, & was brought home to be buried.
L Kerr another neighbor of ours died the 14th Sept.
of typhoid fever. Before this on the 10th, little Emily
Baylor died of diptheria.
the same disease at the age of twelve. Thus two [added: or rather six,] died out of three families, two from each. Fifteen new graves have been added to our grave yard during this year.
A Mrs. Wright living with her two of three illeg. went
to S. to see her son who was wounded, took the small
pox, & she & her husband died. The son
of another neighbor came from the army with it,
& nearly all the family took it. One, an infant
died. Another neighbor who visited them, took it, & died.
Courthouse at Appomattox, Maryland where General Robert E.Lee surrendered the forces of the Confederate Army.